Riphah International University
This study is designed to determine the effects of diaphragmatic kinesiotaping (KT) facilitation technique on pulmonary function, functional capacity and forward head posture of chronic obstructive lung diseases (COPD) patients. The application of KT as an adjunct to conventional protocol in COPD patients if proven effective can enhance the symptom control in COPD patients for improving lung function, posture reducing the perception of dyspnea as well as improving functional capacity.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Standardized physiotherapy protocol
The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease 2019 report defines Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorders (COPD) as a "common, preventable and treatable disease that is characterized by persistent respiratory symptoms and airflow limitation that is due to airway or alveolar abnormalities, usually caused by significant exposure to noxious particles or gases". COPD is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality and will become the third leading cause of death and the fifth commonest cause of disability in the world. The airway obstruction in COPD cause mechanical disadvantage and increased respiratory work and dyspnea symptoms, limitations in exercise, and reduced Physical Activity Level. Patients with COPD experience muscle wasting particularly of skeletal muscle and also shortens the length of inspiratory muscles, particularly the diaphragm, resulting in functional muscle dysfunction and weakness which then results in a reduction in functional capacity, quality of life. Different managements for COPD are provided in the literature, which includes bed rest, pharmacological therapy, oxygen therapy, and physical therapy. Physical therapy management include breathing exercises and early mobilization to restore or maintain muscle function in COPD stages. Kinesiotaping is relatively new band aid method used worldwide for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorder symptoms. Kinesiotaping applied on certain region stimulate proprioceptive awareness and re educate the patient to adopt its normal posture during their normal life activity and thus normalize the muscles overactivity in the patients. KT is said to promote the respiratory muscle activation specifically the diaphragm muscle and also reduce the tension on muscle.
|Study Type :||Interventional|
|Estimated Enrollment :||46 participants|
|Official Title:||Effects of Thoracic Kinesiotaping on Pulmonary Function and Functional Capacity of COPD Patients|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 15, 2022|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 2022|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2022|
Experimental: Kinesio taping muscle facilitation technique along with standardized physiotherapy protocol
On the diaphragmatic muscle, muscle facilitation technique will be applied from proximal to distal with 10-15% tension when the participant is standing and exhaled out and the body is in extension. The base of the tape will be about 1 inch below the xiphoid area. Then the one tail of tape applied with 10% tension on the rib cage with maximum deep inspiration followed by expiration and the other tail of tape will be applied to the subcostal area in forward bending position while taking deep breath with arms adduct and being crossed. The tape will be changed on every fifth day and assessment will be done at baseline and 2nd week of intervention Total number of sessions: 3
Active Comparator: Standardized physiotherapy protocol
Pursed lip breathing exercise: Patient instructed to breathe through nose and inspiration should be slowly and expiration is done through mouth by pursing the lips slowly such that if flame is held in front, then the flame should be bended but not blow off. 3 sets a day for 15 days. Diaphragmatic breathing exercise: Patient sitting comfortably, with knees bent and shoulders, head and neck relaxed. Patient will be instructed to place one hand on upper chest and the other just below your rib cage. Breathe in slowly through nose so that stomach moves out against your hand. 3 sets a day for 15 days. Deep breathing exercise: Patient instructed to take "slow and deep breaths, inhaling through the nose and exhaling through the mouth". Participant is asked to place their hand on their abdomen and expand their abdomen to lift their hand during inhalation. 3 sets a day for 15 days.
Other: Standardized physiotherapy protocol
|Ages Eligible for Study:||30 Years to 70 Years|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
Want to participate in this study, select a site at your convenience, send yourself email to get contact details and prescreening steps.
Pak Medical Center Hospital
Peshawar, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, Pakistan, 25000