University of Wisconsin, Madison
This single institution, phase I clinical trial will determine the safety and feasibility of employing T-cell receptor (TCR) αβ+ and CD19+ (Cluster of Differentiation ) depleted hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) using peripheral blood stem cells (PBMC) from closely matched unrelated donors or haploidentical donors to treat non-malignant hematologic diseases in children and young adults. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has become a curative option for children and adolescents with a variety of otherwise fatal conditions. To reduce the incidence and severity of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) associated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, donor grafts are depleted of T cells, either using CD34+ selection or CD3+/CD19+ depletion of grafts. However, these selection processes also deplete the graft of protective cell subsets, such as γδ T cells, natural killer(NK) cells, monocytes and dendritic cells, which play important roles in the immune response to infectious agents. Moreover, the presence of NK cells and γδ T in donor grafts is associated with more rapid immune reconstitution after HSCT transplantation. In order to retain these protective immune cell subsets, this trial will use a novel, highly selective graft engineering process using the Miltenyi CliniMACS system that selectively depletes αβ-T cells and B cells which are responsible for GVHD and Epstein Barr Virus (EBV)-related post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder, respectively. Prior to transplantation, patients will be treated with a conditioning regimen, specific for the original disorder. The primary objective of this study is evaluation of the safety and feasibility of HSCT using TCRαβ+/CD19+ depleted hematopoietic stem cells to treat non-malignant hematologic diseases. This will be assessed by evaluating the incidence of graft failure, grade III-IV acute GVHD and chronic GVHD and TRM. Secondary objectives include the evaluation of immune reconstitution and incidence of post-transplant infections, adverse events, serious adverse events, overall and disease-free survival and the efficiency of graft processing by the CliniMACS System.
TCRαβ+/CD19+ depleted Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) graft
|Study Type :||Interventional|
|Estimated Enrollment :||12 participants|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||TCRαβ+ and CD19+ Depleted Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant From Closely Matched Unrelated Donors or Haploidentical Related Donors for Hematologic Diseases in Children and Young Adults|
|Actual Study Start Date :||December 2022|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||February 2026|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||February 2027|
Experimental: Treatment arm
Participants will undergo a conditioning regimen, specific for the original disease, After that peripheral blood stem cell transplant from a haploidentical donor or closely matched unrelated donor, depleted of TCRαβ+ and CD19+ cells using the CliniMACS TCR α/β-biotin and CD19 Systems will be administered intravenously on Day 0 to all participants.
Biological: TCRαβ+/CD19+ depleted Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) graft
Device: CliniMACS® System
|Ages Eligible for Study:||3 Months to 40 Years|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
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