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NCT03090854 | Completed | Alzheimer Disease

Cholinergic Markers Alzheimer's Disease

Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Brief Summary:

Several previous studies have assessed acetylcholine (Ach) and acetylcholinesterase activity (AchE-a) levels in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathophysiology. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Ach level was significantly decreased in AD patients, and correlated positively with dementia score and MMSE (1, 2). Two studies have demonstrated positive correlations between CSF AchE-a and CSF Tau, phosphorylated-Tau (P-Tau) and AB 1-42 peptide (3,4). ChEIs (cholinesterase inhibitors) have been approved for the treatment of AD but only 20 to 30 % of patients are responders (5). Any consistent data allow the clinician to predict the response to the treatment. The link between basal cholinergic status and ChEIs efficiency has never been done. Even if, there is a wild research in AD treatment, ChEIs or treatment acting on the Ach pathways will remain a long time valuable treatment particularly in moderate AD in which disease modifying therapies did not show any efficiency. The investigators's objective is to prospectively explore the predicting value of CSF Ach and AchE-a levels on ChEIs response in AD patients.

Condition or disease

Alzheimer Disease



Detailed Description:

Strategy: Within the framework of the usual management, the investigators propose the protocol to patients who had an assay of the CSF biomarkers with a CSF AD biological profile before the introduction of an IChEs and having accepted Their CSF will stocked in our biobank. Patients will only have additional neuropsychological assessments. The rest of the care comes under the current care. The quantification of ACh in the CSF will be performed in tandem mass spectrometry after separation by liquid chromatography (LC-MS / MS). AChE activity will be determined by colorimetric determination. The investigators's objective is to prospectively explore the predicting value of CSF Ach and AchE-a levels on ChEIs response in AD patients. The evaluation criteria will be Difference of the mean value of the ACh level and AChE activity in the CSF between the responder and non-respondier groups of patients. "Responder" patients are defined by an improvement of at least 4 points on the ADAS-Cog (cognitive part) ADAS-Cog after 6 months of treatment. "Non-responders" are defined as aggravation, lack of improvement or improvement <4 points on the ADAS-Cog scale.

Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Official Title: Cholinergic Markers as Predictive Tools of Therapeutic Response in Alzheimer's Disease (CHOLINE)
Actual Study Start Date : November 8, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 12, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 12, 2021

Information not available for Arms and Intervention/treatment

Ages Eligible for Study: 50 Years
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No
Inclusion Criteria
  • Inclusion criteria
    • Male or Female aged ≥ 50 years
    • Patients with a biological profile of CSF biomarkers in favor of Alzheimer's disease
    • Alzheimer's disease diagnosed according to McKahnn 2011 criteria [1] at mild to moderate stage Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) ≤2
    • Indication to treatment with inhibitor of acetycholinesterase
    • Patients benefiting from national health coverage
    • Patients not subject to legal protection
    • Fluent in French language
    • Exclusion criteria
      • No indication or contraindication to PL
      • Contraindications to IChEs
      • Patient included in other anti-Alzheimer drug clinical trial
      • Clinical Dementia Rating CDR> 2
      • Another cause of neurocognitive decline
      • Serious psychiatric disorders
      • Other serious life-threatening conditions

Cholinergic Markers Alzheimer's Disease

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Cholinergic Markers Alzheimer's Disease

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Centre Mémoire de Ressources et de Recherche Paris Nord

Paris, France, 75010